Overactive Bladder Treatment
Behavioral therapy, medications, devices, and surgery are the main options for treating an overactive bladder. The treatment options you and your healthcare provider decide on will depend not only on the severity of your symptoms, but on your lifestyle, and personal preferences.
Today, there are more treatment options for overactive bladder than ever before. The choice of treatment depends on:
- How serious your symptoms are
- What best fits your lifestyle.
Overactive bladder treatment options fall into four broad categories:
- Behavioral therapy
Behavioral treatments for overactive bladder are noninvasive, free of side effects, and don't limit further urinary incontinence treatment options. These therapies include retraining the bladder, and doing exercises called Kegel exercises.
Bladder retraining helps the bladder to hold urine for longer periods of time. The individual is instructed to empty the bladder at scheduled times during the day, and then to gradually extend the time between bathroom trips.
For overactive bladder, a doctor may recommend Kegel exercises to strengthen the muscles below the bladder (pelvic floor muscles) that hold in urine. These exercises for women and men involve repeatedly tightening, holding, and then relaxing the pelvic floor muscles.
Biofeedback uses measuring devices to help you become aware of your body's functioning. By using electronic devices or diaries to track when your bladder and urethral muscles contract, you can gain control over these muscles. Biofeedback can be used with pelvic muscle exercises and electrical stimulation, to relieve stress and urge incontinence.